Farmers, Local Business, Local and National Policymakers
Biodiversity is the diversity of plant and animal species in an environment. Nature conservation and feeding the local population need not be mutually exclusive. There are various methods and practices that can enhance biodiversity on farmland:
– Organic Farming: organic farming practices, which exclude the use of synthetic herbicides, pesticides and fertilisers are more beneficial for biodiversity.
– Hedgerows: a hedge or hedgerow is a line of closely spaced shrubs and tree species, planted and trained to form a barrier or to mark the boundary of an area. The more species of trees, shrubs and ground flora in a hedgerow, the more wildlife it will contain. Native trees or shrubs support a wider variety of wildlife. Hawthorn supports over 200 insect species. Of the hedgerow trees, willow and oak are particularly valuable.
– Field Margin Habitats: A field margin is a strip of unimproved grassland around grass and tillage fields. Field Margins in can provide food, shelter, breeding areas and corridors for wildlife including wildflowers that attract pollinators; insects that control pests; ground-nesting birds; mammals and native grasses that smother weeds.
– Designated Conservation Sites: that all types of designated protected areas such as the Natural Heritage Area (NHA); Special Areas of Conservation (SACs) and Special Protection Areas (SPAs) be given robust protection.
National Parks and Wildlife Service
National Biodiversity Data Centre